Para-medicine is one of the best career options in health care system for those who are looking for an exciting job as well as good payout. As an EMT You can take care patient in emergency, save lives and get paid to do that. It is one of the most respected jobs and people will call you for emergency. It’s an amazing feeling to help people in health troubles. But also keep in mind that many times people’s life will be depending upon the decisions you will take during an emergency, so it is important to undergo a hardcore EMT training program before you really start working as an EMT. EMT’s are the first responder to an emergency so they should be quick, active and knowledgeable persons.
Job Description of an EMT -
To become an EMT, you must understand the job description of an EMT or paramedic. How do they deal with emergencies, crowd, relatives, how do they play’s role between the patient in emergency and hospital, and much more. The common places where EMTs works are hospitals, theme parks, fire stations, police departments, privet companies, private medical care providers etc.
Mastering following things are must to become an EMT -
• Patient assessment –
First thing of EMT is to assess the patient condition and to decide the plan of action. EMT should be an excerpt to understand the provisional diagnosis of any medical condition so he/she can able to start the basic treatment for patient and can transport patient to hospital. EMT must assess patient to see whether patient is live or not, to see whether he requires CPR, spine stabilization, oxygen, IV fluids and many other life saving medicines.
• Taking and recording vital signs –
Once the basic assessment of patient is done EMT should take immediate action to record vital signs of patient like Blood pressure, pulse rate, breathing rate, blood oxygen level (spO2), pupils reaction to light, and many other signs must be assessed and recorded.
• Fill out a form –
Once an EMT completed basic things and start treatment of patient; he should fill out the form that provided to him to keep the record of patient data.
• Bandaging and splinting –
EMT should be well aware and skilled to do bandaging and splinting. If EMT found that a victim of an emergency had a fracture or have a wound, he should apply a splint according the nature of fracture or dislocation as well as bandage a wound to stop blooding.
• Hare traction splint for Femur -
Hare traction splint is one of the famous traction tool that is being used for femur fracture which help to reduce pain, realign bone ends to help restore blood flow, it also minimize a risk of nerve damage.
• Oxygen administration –
EMT should see whether patient require an oxygen supply or not by assessing patient’s spO2 level and respiratory rate and type.
• CPR –
This is one of the important thing that every EMT should mater before he really commit and start working as an EMT. CPR stands for cardio pulmonary resuscitation. It is an emergency procedure and used to keep brain function intact when someone suddenly collapses and his respiration and heart stop working. It is an attempt to maintain airway and circulation. CPR consist manual chest compression minimum 5 cm deep at the rate of 100 compressions per minute with artificial respiration. Artificial respiration can be provided by ‘Mouth to Mouth respiration’ or by using AMBU bag. American heart association came out with a best way of CPR named as ‘Hands Only CPR’.
• Managing patients with mental illness or other types of impairment –
Managing a patient with mental illness is a difficult task. EMT must understand that every patient with mental illness and its relatives require lot of moral support and perseverance.
• Intravenous Fluid therapy –
Many time IV injectable as well as fluids are become mandatory and must to save life. Authority to give IV medicine is differing according to every country and state you live.
• Cervical spine immobilization –
It is done in cervical spine injuries. EMT must learn this simple but important procedure of cervical spine immobilization.
Dealing with relatives, press, and other authorities –
Being an EMT is a tactful job and one must be able to do multiple things at a time like assessing patient, leading an EMS team, Taking right decision’s, starting required treatment to patient, dealing with relative and press. EMT must identify the most stressed relative of patient should help him to understand en emergency and should provide support t family as well. Some time media also contact an EMT to understand the nature of emergency and its outcome.
Get EMT Certified –
As required skills to become an EMT are different in every country and state, it is important to obtain an EMT certificate from a state where you plan to work as an EMT. Best thing to get information about the community colleges is to contact an EMT or paramedic who is got EMT certified and working as an EMT or paramedic. They can guide you choose best college or private company to get EMT training and an EMT certificate. It always better to get advice from experienced EMT. If college is not located in your city then you require staying in another city where college is located in the view of completing the EMT training. You should see if that college provides hostel and food or not, so you can arrange them yourself.
Before you opt for EMT certificate training you must be aware that it consist following things –
- Specific classroom hours of basic EMT training.
- An internship with EMS system, fire station or hospital. And student must complete the treatment of patient and write run form for specific number of patients which is according to state requirement.
- Register at NREMT .
Once you finish the training, you will have to pass the exams that have been set by colleges. It will test your practical skills and your knowledge about medical emergencies. You must pass this test to qualify for the state certification exam.
You must complete an internship with EMS system, ambulance, or hospital. The above mentioned skills are must to become an EMT and it can be practiced well only by working with EMS, ambulance or hospital.
After the training, test, internship and skill testing, a state test will be administered by state certifying board. This board will conduct an exam for you and will notify you whether you passed or failed that exam by mail. If you pass the exam successfully, you will be rewarded with ‘EMT certificate’ and you can join an EMS, hospital or ambulance to work as EMT. There are many other job options available for a certified EMT. As an EMT you can work with EMS system, theme park, ambulance services, hospitals, hospital transportation department, different companies that have first aid offices, amusement parks etc.
Best thing that we can advice is that once you finish your training as an EMT and get certified, don’t rush to get a job for yourself. Instead work as an assistant for a paramedic either in ambulance or in hospital. It will provide lot of experience to you and good thing is that you can able to observe an experienced paramedic in action and can learn many things from them as well as this will add more value in your resume. You can list this as a field experience in your resume or in job application. This way you can increase the chances to get selected for the job you apply. EMT certification is valuable and can boost your chances to get paid well. Not only in terms of money but you will be a source for those people who are in emergency. Your training will come handy during large nature disaster, street accidents etc. You can also work as volunteer during nature disasters.
Once you start working as an EMT, you can expect to make more than $ 30,000 per annum as per a survey done by bureau of labor statistics which says that more that half of EMT workers are making more than $ 30K per year. You can find the information here .